• Packaging is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use.
Packaging also refers to the process of design, evaluation, and production of packages.
Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use.
Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. In many countries it is fully integrated into government,
business, institutional, industrial, and personal use.
Please download our recent publication on weight optimisation by clicking here.
• IQS organises a postgraduate course on Packaging which includes a module for Design which is divided into CAD, CAE and CAM as shown in objectives.
Follow this link for official website for
this moduel on iqs web.
1. - CAD: Computer aided design.
A design is analysed for several possibilities of width-depth which are related to maximal capacity during transport. All
designs are optimised to fit desired transportation volumes.
In order to fit as best as possible design requirements CAD is produced using reverse engineering techniques based on "Sketch Tracer" and "Digitilised
Sketch Tracer allows to intruduce an image into the CAD software and scale it to fit volume and transport requirements. With this image as base CAD
is generated using parameters to allow optimisation and several configurations for the same design.
Animated gif of computer drawing of a bottle from a sketch.
Digitilized Point Cloud allows to introcude into the CAD software a group o points that might be meshed to start the generation of surfaces which fit
original data. The cloud is obtained from IQS Roland scanner.
Animated gif of computer drawing of a bottle from digitalised point cloud.
Once 3D, surfaces, solids of bottle and volume for detertgent are completed CAD is used to check labelling, surface quality, colors and light
For example ergonomy of the bottle to design the right shape of handle can be addressd using CAD techniques.
Animated gif of computer simulation of ergonomic studies.
2. - CAE: Computer aided engineering.
Once the basic design geometry is generated optimisation is carried out using finite element techniques.
A simulation of the collapse of bottles is carried out to decide the right thickness and the sapes that will allow a minimum volume after crashing.
Animated gif of simulation of a crash of a water bottle.
Animated gif of simulation of a crash of a detergent bottle.
Animated gif of simulation of several configurations searching for weight optimisation.
Animated gif of real buckling test
A simulation of forming process to predict thickness is carried out.
Animated gif of blowing simulation 3D view.
Animated gif of blowing simulation 2D section view.
Also the study of bottle drop during transportation due to acclerations and braking is analaysed for several design options.
Animated gif of simulation of bottle drop due to braking for several configurations.
All designs are analaysed to satisfy stiffness, thermal expansion and vibration to avoid fracture and leaking of detergent.
Animated gif of simulation of vibrations during transport of a detergent bottle.
3. - CAM: Computer aided manufacturing.
Manufacturing process of bottles is studied during all the process. Once CAD geometry is determined according to design requirements and material and
stiffening shapes and thicknesses are defined according to simulations the simulation of manufacturing is ready to be performed.
Sustainability studies are performed to evaluate the influence of changing material, production technique, placement of production and transportation.
Animated gif of sustainability analysis.
In most cases moulds are studied from the point of view of manufacturing doing the simulations and ending with the generation of CNC code to
manufacture the mould of final design bottle.
Animated gif of real CNC machining.
Animated gif of simple simulation of CNC machining.
Animated gif of simulation of a complete CNC machining of a bottel mould.
Animated gif of mould design fo bottle blowing.
For short series moulds can be produced using IQS 3D printers.
In order to check design in a meeting bottles can be easily produced using 3D printing.
Animated gif of 3Dprinting of a bottle using vertical positioning.
Animated gif of real 3Dprinting of a bottle using vertical positioning.
Animated gif of 3Dprinting of a bottle using horizontal positioning.
Youtube video showing collapse of a HDPE bottle boh experimental and simulation with Pamcrash.
For any queries do not hesitate to contact:
Via Augusta 390, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
Tel.: +34 932 672 083 / Tel.Cen.: +34 932 672 000 -ext.283
Fax: +34 932 056 266
Click here for a complete list of Andres-Amador Garcia-Granada Publications.